Zakaat Al Maal (Almsgiving)
Zakaat Al-Maal is the 3rd pillars of Islam. It is compulsory upon every male and female Muslim who met 2 conditions:
- Possessing the required Nisaab(the minimum amount of wealth that one must have before Zakat is payable).
- And have had the Nisaab for one whole year.
If the above conditions are met than according to Islamic regulations, you must pay 2.5% of one year’s total cumulative wealth.
The Nisaab of Zakaat Al-Maal is
Fundamentally, Zakaat Al-Maal must be distributed as CASH to 8 categories of people mentioned by Allah I in Surat At-Tawbah verse 60, however the scholars have mentioned that when money is of no value to the people, then the organisation responsible for collecting Zakaat Al-Maal is allowed to use the money (Zakaat Al-Maal), after consulting the recipients, for that which benefits the people the most, such as building a shelter house, an orphanage, apartments, wells, etc.
At MATW, after consulting the scholars and the recipients of Zakaat Al-Maal in the remote area of Africa that we carry out our work, the board has decided that cash distributed to the people will be of less to no benefit, than if we were to use it in building for the people apartments, schools, wells, etc.
Therefore, MATW uses Zakaat Al-Maal to complete and create new projects that will benefit the people who live in the remote areas of Africa
e.g. if a natural disaster was to strike a town, and the town becomes a wreck, and as a result people won’t be able to buy anything.
Zakaat Al-Fitr is a special Zakaat that is obligated upon every male and female Muslim. It is to be paid on behalf of oneself and on behalf of those under his/her care.
Fundamentally, Zakat Al-Fitr is supposed to be paid as one Sa’a (approx. 2.18 Kg) of food, grain or dried fruit and distributed to the same 8 categories as those of Zakaat Al-Maal.
Nowadays, Muslims are allowed to pay in cash an equivalent value of one Sa’a to the charity organisation, who then will purchase food for the poor on your behalf.
It must be paid before the Eid Prayer (its permissible to pay it early during the month so that MATW have enough time to organises purchases overseas).
It is also recommended to pay Zakat Al-Fitr on behalf of the unborn baby just as the companion Uthman t did.
If one who gives Zakaat Al-Fitr is relatively wealthy, it would be better for him/her to pay more than the amount required.
Zakat Al-Fitr is set at $10 per person for this year – 2017
For those who are PERMANENTLY unable to fast (e.g. the elderly, sick, handicapped, etc.), a Fidyah (compensation) must be made by feeding a poor person for every day of fasting not observed.
As for the one who is TEMPORARILY sick, the pregnant or breastfeeding women (if they’re not able to fast due to difficulty), then they don’t have to pay a Fidyah, rather, they should make up the missed day later during the year once they regain their health and it must be before the next Ramadan.
The Fidyah is the same as Zakaat Al-Fitr, which is the amount that would be enough to feed one poor person, at MATW it’s $10.
As announced by the Mufti of Australia and ANIC (Australian National Imam’s Council).